The Izhora Plateau is situated in the western part of the Leningrad region; it forms the greater part of the Ordovician Plateau. Its height reaches 175, 9 meters. It is formed by the Ordovician limestone. The Izhora Plateau was named after the Finno-Ugric tribe, ‘izhora’, inhabiting the Plateau from time immemorial.
The Izhora Plateau has been used as an agricultural area since XIII-XIV centuries. It is fit for agricultural activities due to two main features of the place: the relief of the territory and the nature of the bedding rocks. Being a table-land, it is easy to drain. As far as the bedding rocks are concerned, they are represented by limestone, dating from the Ordovician period, which forms the fertile (for the northwestern regions) soil.