The destruction of rare animals in Komi can be reflected negatively in biological diversity of Europe as a whole

In this regard, on April 13, the emergency working conference on the subject "strengthening of control and toughening of responsibility for the destruction of the Animals including entered into The Red Book of Komi" passed in Committee of the State Council of Komi on natural resources, environmental management and ecology.

The main cause for a meeting was unprecedented illegal destruction of a large livestock of wild reindeers which are entered into The Red Book of Komi. We will remind, in the middle of February in 50 kilometers from the village of Nizhny Odes of the Sosnogorsk area were found remains of herd of animals number from 16 to 30 heads. As hunters reported, after that meat was sold in the village. The general damage from the destruction of 16 deer made from 1,2 to 1,6 million rubles up.

According to the Chairman of Committee of the State Council of the Komi Republic on natural resources, environmental management and ecology Sergey Arteev, this fact has all characters of an ecological crime and is qualified as illegal hunting. "We would like to discuss the causes of emergence of such ecological crimes, and also to define legal and organizational arrangements for prevention of such barbarous cases in the future", - S. Arteev declared at a meeting.

According to the head of the laboratory of ecology of land vertebrata of Institute of biology of Komi scientific center of Ural office of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergey Kochanov, thanks to that the deer is protected in the territory of Komi, the biggest group of these animals in the European part of Russia lives exactly in the republic. "But in recent years we see the decrease of number in connection with poaching. It can be reflected negatively not only in biological diversity of the region, but also Europe", - the scientist declared.

According to S. Kochanov, today it is necessary to create especially protected natural territories in zones where wild reindeers live. It is about Knyazhpogostsk, Kortkerossk and Ust-Tsilemsk districts. Also the scientist reminded of education of younger generation and conducting the monitoring of number of animals.

The deputy of the State Council Aleksandra Bushuyeva emphasized that a problem can't be solved by reserves — it is necessary to toughen punishments. Other legislator Mikhail Bragin suggested to solve specifically, whence to take money for protection of the animals entered into The Red Book and on fight against poaching.

Without additional financing it is almost impossible to cope with a problem.  there are no regular inspectors in areas. And police officers can't provide continuous security actions because of the insufficient number of staff, inaccessibility of areas where it is necessary to work, and bad technical equipment. Besides, it is quite difficult to prove a crime under the article "illegal hunting".

“It is very difficult to constrain a pressure of poachers, having such number of people in a hunting control which is now. It is necessary to make the decision on expansion of staff and acquisition of equipment" — the deputy head of the Russian natural supervision on Komi Sergey Korolkov declared.

As a result, S. Arteev noted, except the plan of measures on protection of wild animals, it is required to resolve issues of financing and supply of service of inspectors. Besides, the questions of staffing of branch demand separate revision.

In the upshot, to the State Council together with the Government of Komi was recommended to consider possibility of preparation and entering into the State Duma the legislative initiatives of modification of the Criminal code regarding establishment of responsibility for illegal prey and a turn of particularly valuable wild animals, entered into The Red Book in each subject of the country and also to make changes to the republican law "About Administrative Responsibility" regarding toughening of administrative responsibility for destruction of the rare and being under the threat of disappearance species of the plants and animals belonging to the types entered into The Red Book of Komi or for violation of their habitat.

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